CSA: Directed Retry Can Alter Mobile Phone's Location
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The accuracy or inaccuracy of cell site analysis testing measurements largely depends upon what has been considered and there are indeed many points to consider. One handover (HO) procedure, if it is included within a mobile network's radio-availability and traffic-flow arsenal, is called Directed Retry (DR). The GSM and 3GPP standards refers to this procedure.
What is Directed Retry (DR)?
Directed retry has adjustable parameters in order to define thresholds that once passed can trigger DR. When DR is set as Not Use it is inactive. Once set to Use the default value is set until the parameter is adjusted. That is to say a 'value' that is set as default can be modified in response to condtions eg quality of service (QoS) or traffic observations. A manufacturer of the say the BSS may provide recommended values, but it might be the OMC-R or BSS engineering team may require to make their own determination about values for internal or external handover procedures.
Use DR enables for example the BSS to move a mobile phone's communications to another cell (Mast or sector of a Mast) prior to call set up. That can be for an outgoing or incoming communication.
DR may be triggered by, for instance, due to 'congestion' and therefore may require internal or external handover procedures to combat that traffic condition. An outcome is that a mobile phone that receives service from the current serving cell (maybe the Mast is seen as closer to the mobile phone as well) is handed over to a cell that originates from a Mast that could be eg:
- some distance from the mobile phone's actual location
- coverage from a adjacent Mast in an area
This is one of many radio cases that when conducting radio test measurments a 2G/3G passive radio detection device and its readings may not record the appropriate network messages and thus mis-inform their users attempts in assessing a mobile phone's general location when conducting cell site analysis, as the device's readings may be incomplete. The Cell ID obtained from a call detail record (CDR) can only reflect the antenna identities on a fixed-positioned Mast and that a mobile phone has had its communications routed to and from the network using a particular Mast (so to speak). It doesn't automatically follow that the Cell ID confirms the general local area in which the mobile phone was actually located without certain radio data and other necessary checks being made.